It suggests the official was trying to "answer" this miracle by attempting to invalid it as performed at the WRONG TIME! She was in those moments the most eloquent woman in the universe. lay it aside as a crown of glorying, and pass humbly through the gate with Lazarus! They absolutely refused the Lord! (Ed: Where "work out" is present imperative = command calling for continual effort [cp idea of "striving"] to bring our salvation to completion! Luke Chapter 13. And so Jesus is saying "Pay very close attention to what follows!". The struggle is fierce. It shouldn’t be a matter of mild interest that elicits a halfhearted response. To deal with this problem various theories have arisen, e.g., that the story is misplaced, or that it is a legend explaining a prominent withered fig tree, or that it rests on a misunderstood saying. Jesus never advocated Sabbath laxity. Strive supposes that great idleness is natural to professors; they think to get to heaven by lying, as it were, on their elbows. Hendriksen - If the central lesson of Lk 13:1–5 is “Be converted,” then that of Lk 13:6–9 is “Be converted NOW.” Do not delay! But He use this Sabbath day to perform a miracle and highlight the dramatic contrast between the Kingdom of God (the Kingdom of light) and the Kingdom of Satan (the Kingdom of darkness). Although they have not got a new garment, they have mended up the old one. Luke 13:15  But the Lord answered him and said, "You hypocrites, does not each of you on the Sabbath untie his ox or his donkey from the stall and lead him away to water him? She was now a monument of His gracious wonder-working power. What will happen when Jesus comes to the door? However, we do know from the story of Job that Satan was intimately involved in Job's afflictions: Then Satan went out from the presence of the LORD and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head. “My kingdom is not of this world. Diligence in this sense is similar to the idea of strive in Lk 13:24 in that it speaks of an intensity of purpose followed by intensity of effort toward the realization of that purpose, of entrance through the narrow Door of Jesus by grace through faith. That is, in the creation story, God did not create a Sabbath and then create a human being to keep it; rather, he first created a human being, then knowing human beings would need rest, created the Sabbath for their benefit. Lord, help us to respond properly whenever we are confronted by tragedy. It is the amount of sacrifice a man must submit to if he intends to serve Christ. C H Spurgeon - THERE IS A CROWD OF PEOPLE WHO WILL SEEK TO ENTER AND WILL NOT BE ABLE. Due to her infirmity it would have been much easier to stay at home, but to her credit she sought the solace of worship and the Word. illustrates. that you had grace to give it up, and to come in by the strait gate, trusting in Jesus Christ! Herod the Great was known for his extensive building projects (including the Temple in Jerusalem) and for his cruelty. In fact this question prompted His sobering teaching on the "narrow door.". Remember that pain, and realize that is how Jesus feels when you reject Him. The leaves developed at the end of spring, at the end of April, and were therefore a sign that summer was approaching (Matthew 24:32). It means finished and wanting nothing necessary for completeness. Oh, the pain that Christ must have felt from the rejection of His people and from those who reject Him today. They are often sincere people, but they are bent over under the load of sin and guilt. There is a seeking which Jesus commends but it is before the door is shut... Matthew 6:33-note "But (contrast with Mt 6:32) seek (present imperative) first His kingdom (and by "default" the King of that kingdom, Christ Jesus) and His righteousness (Which He gives as a gift by grace to those who place their trust in His perfect righteousness and substitutionary atonement), and all these things will be added to you. 13:11; Lk. 5:30; Lk. When this prophet announced that he would unearth these vessels, Samaritans turned out in large numbers to observe the event. He must be diligent about his prayers, his Bible reading, and his use of Sundays, with all their means of grace. You are occupying a place in which your influence is injurious to others. The point is that they had no personal relationship with the Lord, as emphasized by the Lord's two categorical denials of relationship. PLEADS FOR MORE GRACE. 8:12; Matt. It shows the extent to which Jesus responds to those in need, Steven Cole - Note how Jesus took the initiative in this healing. A woman had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, before she was "loosed." 4:31-note; Lk. 15:32-33; 28:9-10; Deut. If thou art willing for this, and prepared to strive, even to the rending of thyself asunder, then thou shalt be saved from the love and tyranny of that wild, dark power, which, hitherto, has always dragged thee downwards. He won’t eat anything that is not good for him, because it might hinder his muscles from performing at their maximum on the day of the race. Roman soldiers took the Temple apart stone by stone with crowbars and wedges in their search for this gold. Mark 5:2-13 When He got out of the boat, immediately a man from the tombs with an unclean spirit met Him, 3and he had his dwelling among the tombs. 18:11; Lk. There was still time to repent and live before the crucifixion; time for them to hear and believe teaching from Jesus and to repent in the face of more displays of His miraculous power—including one of the most remarkable of all, the raising of Lazarus from the dead (Jn 11:1–45). When does "the KINGDOM OF GOD" come? 39 They answered and said to Him, "Abraham is our father." Many times they will influence your behavior and how you treat other people. The results are the same, whether He condescends to touch us, or suffers us to touch Him, it is all of grace on His part. But they would not submit to Jesus and so they faced the horrible eternal consequence of being in that place of weeping and gnashing of teeth. Jesus pronounces a curse upon the tree that it should from that time never bear fruit. 40:18 and to the one in Luke 7:31. But God uses calamities to remind all people that death is often an imminent surprise for which they need to be prepared (cf James 4:14, Job 7:7, Ps 90:9). 60  And falling on his knees, he cried out with a loud voice, "Lord, do not hold this sin against them!" Longsuffering Compassion. Their supernaturally enabled works simply show they are saved!). This is an appeal to the patience and long-suffering of God (cf Lam 3:22-23). Their complaints of Pilate became so numerous that he was eventually summoned to Rome in 36 A.D. to give account for his actions before the Emperor Tiberius himself. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Leon Morris - On the Sabbath, animals could be led out by a chain or the like as long as nothing was carried (Shabbath 5:1). You must be earnest to make sure that Christ alone is your hope of salvation. If a book could be published by authority detailing the number of the saved, many would hasten to read it. That destruction was brought on the Jews because they had rejected Jehovah and gone whoring for other lovers, idols who are really no gods at all. "How often." Did you notice the two comings? Kent Hughes makes some piercing statements - We may be preachers and have perhaps ministered to thousands. Read Luke 13 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Our religion at present is not saving religion. What does it mean to be a fruitful Christian? This passage divides into two parts, verses 1-5 and verses 6-9. How interesting that he who had been at all the labour and watchfulness, without receiving any credit or honour through it, should yet advocate its cause and plead in its name. (MacArthur, J: Matthew 1-7 Chicago: Moody Press), J C Ryle alluded to the belated "wake up call" to the Jews who would be cast out of the presence of the King when he said that "Hell is nothing but truth known too late! "After that" (v. 9). (, Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology -, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia •, McClintock and Strong's Bible Encyclopedia •, The fact that they can nest on the mustard plant emphasizes its substantial size and incredible growth, Represent Gentiles/nations who come into and contribute to the growth of the Kingdom of God, Represent evil forces that come into the Kingdom of God, infiltrating the Church. Victor). Straighten up (352)(anakupto from ana = again, up + kupto = to bend, stoop) means to lift or raise oneself up, to bend up, to stand erect. Jesus concurred with them about the destiny of condemned sinners (see Mt 22:13 24:51), but He declared them totally wrong about the identity of those condemned sinners....Being a physical descendant of Abraham was a great privilege and advantage (Ro 3:1 2), but in spite of what most Jews believed, it did not guarantee salvation. 1. 22:28; Eccl. The truly repentant person, who wants freedom from the burden of broken fellowship, comes to the Lord with no pride, self-will, rights, and no claim to worthiness. He watched further and saw that she was indeed studying the Scriptures. Fruits and vegetable prices have skyrocketed in central California. Spurgeon comments: The last verse sets forth very forcibly the contrast between the righteous and the ungodly, thus making the blessedness of the godly appear all the more remarkable. They sift our strength and joy like a mosquito that drains blood from its victim and leaves an irritating itch. Why is this saying about the good and bad eye sandwiched between two teachings on money? Note, The reason why many come short of grace and glory is because they rest in a lazy seeking of that which will not be attained without a laborious striving. So too the is the Kingdom of God. And an unexplained parable was nothing but an impossible riddle, whose meaning could only be guessed at." Which means that the good eye sees God and his ways as the great Treasure in life, not money. We may request cookies to be set on your device. To Jesus the Scribes and Pharisees were men who were acting a part. Spurgeon - Think of the Pharisees being concerned about Christ’s life! KJV Luke 13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen doth gather her brood under her wings, and ye would not! Wiersbe - Not only does Satan bow people down, but so do sin (Ps 38:6), sorrow (Ps 42:5), and suffering (Ps 44:25). 5“So now let Me tell you what I am going to do to My vineyard: I will remove its hedge and it will be consumed; I will break down its wall and it will become trampled ground. See Isa 1:18; Jer. Barclay - The Jewish law was that it was perfectly legal to help someone on the Sabbath who was in actual danger of his life. Regarding the latter trait, we could say "like father, like son," for Herod Antipas was Herod the Great's son. But now they find themselves shut out and, of all things, those "dirty" Gentiles from east and west and north and south are inside, dining with the patriarchs and prophets! (Mt 6:1-note). This tree had leaves but, strangely, no fruit. (Php 2:10-11-note). The accompanying grinding or gnashing of teeth is that of frenzied anger, unmitigated rage. The Fruit of the Holy Spirit – What is kindness? Into the night we prayed, until sleep finally overtook us. 1 Samuel 15:23— For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. We have no record of what she said; she may have merely cried out, “Hallelujah”; but the very look of her, her streaming eyes filled with gratitude, her face beaming with delight, all tended to glorify God. Be faithful in the little things. Theology, however, should be based on exegesis, not determine it. He served under Emperor Tiberius, and is best known today for the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. But despite those rich privileges Israel, like the fig tree, failed to produce spiritual life (Isa 5:3–4; cf. 2:13; Isa. "Planted in the vineyard" (v. 6). We have to pray over it and weep over it and study over it and work over it, and if we possess it, it must possess us. I am struck with the phrase "spirit of infirmity." The crisis will reveal whether we have been practicing or not. 13:35 Spurgeon - Observe the word “Behold” here. As we yield to Christ in our heart and mind, we change and become more like Him as He works in us. When a limb is mortified, a man will submit to any severe operation, and even to amputation, to save life. Although only one hypocrite had come forth to call Christ out by addressing the crowd, Jesus threw a big net to catch all the religious hypocrites (“you and all those in agreement with you"), for any one of them gladly would have spoken the same heartless, evil words. Few there be who travel the narrow way and those who do will often be the objects of scorn. The word polloi, many, proves the connection between this discourse and the question of Lk 13:23. 16:9; Ps. Where the singular is used the RV omits the word "day," Matthew 12:2 ; 24:20 ; Mark 6:2 ; Luke 6:1 ("on a sabbath"); 14:3; John 9:14 ("it was the sabbath on the day when ..."). The term is used in contrast to anakuptō (350), “to stand straight” or “stand erect.” Sugkupto is used in Job 9:27 "Though I say, 'I will forget my complaint, I will leave off my sad countenance and be cheerful." But not only did Jesus say "No", His "No" was the no of absolute negation and was emphatically the first word in the Greek sentence, signifying absolutely not ("I tell you, no!" Today is the day of salvation (2 Cor 6:2). 9:62; Lk. 13:16; Lk. He missed his day of opportunity with God. He came the first time to be killed; He will return to kill His enemies. Steven Cole - The religious leaders valued their rules over relationships and, as Jesus pointed out, they even valued their animals over people. “Many shall seek to enter in, and shall not be able.” Listen to that warning, lest ye be amongst the “many” that founder—mayhap you shall be among the few that escape. (Ps 139:23, 24-note). A workman strives to perform his task before another. And so here we see Jesus redeeming the precious opportunities by teaching the people. In Hebrews 9:9 the idea is of something (OT Tabernacle) that serves as a model or example pointing beyond itself for later realization and thus a type or a figure. Guzik cautions "We are foolish to think that spiritual issues cause all physical problems, but we are also foolish to think spiritual issues can never cause physical problems.". Jesus Christ gave a very practical answer. And why was Israel literally cursed? They don’t see reality for what it is. Not a few are unable to enter in because they want to postpone the matter until to-morrow. Downers Grove, Il: InterVarsity). The smallness of Jesus and His ragtag band of followers is no problem with regard to the worldwide spread of the gospel. Are you seeking to know Him and grow in Him as your Lord and Savior? First, the solitary fig tree has an individual application, both national and personal. Luke 13:8  "And he answered and said to him, 'Let it alone, sir, for this year too, until I dig around it and put in fertilizer; KJV Luke 13:8 And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: NET Luke 13:8 But the worker answered him, 'Sir, leave it alone this year too, until I dig around it and put fertilizer on it. The fig tree wasn’t a wild one that sprouted up along the road where someone threw a fig seed. But unless you repent  (if you do not repent) - Jesus gives his hearers a clear warning that without repentance they will perish and He is not speaking of their temporal death (which they had addressed with the deaths of the Galileans) but their eternal death. They show compassion to animals, but not to humans. Notice that here Jesus uses idou to  emphasize or draw attention to the length of time the poor woman was crippled --18 long years. What must they hope? How I wished that I could lay my hands on her, and say, “Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity”! 2 Corinthians 7:8-9— For though I caused you sorrow by my letter, I do not regret it; though I did regret it–for I see that that letter caused you sorrow, though only for a while–I now rejoice, not that you were made sorrowful, but that you were made sorrowful to the point of repentance; for you were made sorrowful according to the will of God, so that you might not suffer loss in anything through us. There yet is room and life and light, That is how the gospel works as God transforms the hearts of sinners. There was no need for liturgical mechanics to acknowledge the event that’s the reason for the season. 6:1-2; Ezr. He must be content to be thought ill of by man if he pleases God. 1:42-note; Lk. Many may do all this, and yet never be included in the Kingdom of Heaven. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. 9:12; Lk. It must have been an exciting time. An example of inconsistency in the spiritualizing method of interpreting prophecy comes from the angel Gabriel’s words to Mary in Luke 1:31–33: “And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus. This verb aphiemi recalls the prophet Jeremiah's fateful words which would be fulfilled by King Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC... (Jer 12:7) “I have forsaken (Lxx = aphiemi) My house, I have abandoned My inheritance; I have given the beloved of My soul Into the hand of her enemies. (EBC), William Lane takes a "middle road" interpretation of the birds (as does James Edwards in Pillar NTC-Mk)  - The reference to the birds of the air which find shelter in the branches of the mustard shrub may have a deeper significance, but it seems more probable that they are part of the picture of the surprising character of the end when considered from the beginning.....This parable is concerned with the enigmatic present manifestation of the Kingdom as embodied in Jesus’ person. Lament - A lament or lamentation is a passionate expression of grief, often in music, poetry, or song form. The first figs ripen in late May or early June. Christ was alert to others needs and we need to be alert, too. And it grew and became a tree - A mustard plant is actually not a tree, but if the conditions are favorable, it grows to the size of a small tree as depicted above. Who can reply against this? That power transforms you when you make real contact with the living Lord....If we have reality with the Savior, we will be growing in seeing people through His eyes of compassion. True Christianity is "a fight. If we are willing to repent, God will empower us. It is interesting that the root aisch- originally referred to that which was ugly and disgraceful The root verb aischuno thus meant originally to disfigure, make ugly! (Mt 16:21), And while they were gathering together in Galilee, Jesus said to them, "The Son of Man is going to be delivered into the hands of men;  and they will kill Him, and He will be raised on the third day." Avenues. (Mt 7:13, 14-note), Robert Frost wrote a secular poem that closely parallels Jesus' teachings, "Two roads diverged in a wood, and I--- The word was used to designate the buildings other than the central Jewish temple where the Jews congregated for worship. They develop habits that eventually enslave them and their family. Luke 13:22  And He was passing through from one city and village to another, teaching, and proceeding on His way to Jerusalem. Matthew 13:33+ He spoke another parable to them, “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three pecks of flour until it was all leavened.”. 6:12; Lk. 18:9; Lk. Where yet is room for thee. Asphalt and concrete roads lead us to physical destinations. Hughes - No reporter could have written all her praise down because she spoke not only in words but with her eyes, her hands, her upright body, her rising soul. 23:5-8; Da 9:25; Mic. And then I re-read it and see it as a simple story of love. Ironically, the incident that finally triggered Pilate’s removal from office involved not the Jews, but their hated rivals the Samaritans. The challenge the book of Revelation makes to every person is to be ready for His return. Iniquity (93)(adikia from a = not + dikê = right) is a condition of not being right, whether with God, according to the standard of His holiness and righteousness or with man, according to the standard of what man knows to be right by his conscience. There has never been a great spiritual movement that did not stir up the opposition of the rulers of the synagogue. If they didn’t, they were cut down so the soil could be better used. (Lk 22:15-18), Comment: The English definition of UNTIL is "happening  up to a particular point in time, and then stopping." In context this refers to Gentiles who have "striven" and entered through the narrow door by grace through faith in the only way (Jn 14:6) into the Kingdom of Heaven, through the Door, the Messiah (Jn 10:9). "), so, this word seems as though nobody in the synagogue was worthy of such special notice as the most forlorn and desolate individual there: “a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and who bowed together, and could in no wise lift up herself.” It was to be a happy Sabbath for her, though she did not know it. (Gaebelein, F, Editor: Expositor's Bible Commentary), Alexander Maclaren notes that "in reference to each stage of life, specific opportunities are given in it for securing specific results, and these can never be recovered if the stage is past; so mortal life as a whole is the time for entrance, and if it is not used for that purpose, entrance is impossible. 22 Thus Joash the king did not remember the kindness which his father Jehoiada had shown him, but he murdered his son. 13:25 26 27 ). a truth is externalized in the views of Jesus and his disciples in the apart... His birthright, later wrote that the Lord and said, “ stayed remained! 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