Extensively used for infant’ petticoats and sacks and for men’s shirts. Used for towels and fancy work. Faille – Silk or rayon and cotton fabric of plain weave with cross ribbing made by heavy filling yarns. Used for dresses. “Whatever the garment you make of ‘Viyella’ it’s a success. Used for  hosiery, sweaters, draperies and curtains, embroidery and trim, bed spreads, dresses, scarves, blouses, women’s suits, hats, and socks. Sateen – Cotton fabric with a satin weave. Hot or cold water? Handkerchief linen – Sheer batiste weave; an exquisite fabric; launders beautifully. Fine, soft, close weave in imitation pebble effect. Used for coats, dresses, suits, and trimmings. Used for blouses, summer dresses, and kimonos. Georgette is made with highly twisted yarns. Filling threads are looped and are of novelty yarn to produce a rough effect. Used for linings and trimmings. Georgette, Silk – A sheer, lightweight, dull-finished crêpe fabric named after the early 20th century French dressmaker Georgette de la Plante. A very graphic quilt created only in red and white becoming an optical illusion piece of art due to the pattern and the strong contrast with the white and wonderfully strong red. Used for dresses, blouses, towels, and fancy work. A sheer, crisp linen. By 1911, the first man-made fiber began to be manufactured in the United States. Georgette is made in solid colors and prints and is used for dresses, blouses, evening gowns and trimmings. Used for Dresses, lingerie, glass curtains, draperies. All fabrics, wallpapers and paintings are sold "as is". Wonderful for pillows or for designers. Used for dresses and blouses. The back and sides with an ebony velour. Stripe, rib or allover design in damask weave. Frequently silver and gold threads are introduced into filling threads. Used for handkerchiefs, neckwear, lingerie blouses, and dresses. Does not need to be ironed. Used for shirts, dresses, aprons. Starting with over 5,000 yards of antique fabrics including feedsacks, dress rayons and crazy quilt fabrics as well as quilting cottons from the 1850's. Albert Cloth – Reversible, double-faced material, each side a different color. Used for dresses. “Fabric news for the evening can be compressed into a single word – taffeta. Used mostly for women’s dresses. Gossamer – A very soft, cobwebby silk gauze. Used for flags and decorations. Regency Fashion: Printed Cotton Fabrics. Muslin – Durable, firm, plain weave cotton cloth bleached or unbleached. Linen – comes in satin weaves; sometimes in brocaded figures. Used for curtains, slip covers, upholstery, draperies. Cotton, silk, or wool fabric of plain weave. Used for skirts and suits. The body of the material of a weave similar to flannel, and which, with a short, soft nap, is used for children’s coats and women’s suit and coats. In wool, smooth, ribbed weave, similar to panama. Crêpe de Meteor – A lustrous silk crêpe with a fine twilled face. Usually made from mercerized yarn. At last she can dress to suit her personality, for fashion says ‘This season, frocks must be rich in colour and pattern.” She made her choice from the Wemco collection – that glorious array of lovely dress materials. We like the combination. Used for summer dresses, blouses, and unlined coats. Our beautiful wallpapers & fabrics are made in England, in a centuries old mill. Print on 19th and early 20th century fabrics. For interlining or stiffening used in clothing, leather goods or millinery. Peau de Cygne – A silk fabric of soft, lustrous finish in diagonal weave with a prominent cross-thread; sometimes called Peau de Soie. Every year for the last three, stylists have become very sentimental…along about March first…each year practically everyone has gone right on wearing silk and more silk, just the same. A soft, crinkled, washable material, sometimes called. Plain weave. Used for dresses, blouses, wraps, neckwear, trimmings. Corded fabric in a plain weave with silk or rayon warp threads and heavy cotton, worsted, rayon or silk filling threads. The weave may be twill or plain. Used for heavy coats and for men’s overcoats. Corded Silk – Similar to grosgrain, except that the cord is rounded and varies in thickness from a very fine to a very coarse thread. (Details in comments) I have a question! Usually printed with floral patterns. Used of evening gowns and wraps, and as trimming, especially for millinery. This is by no means an exhaustive list – I will be adding more names as I continue to learn about vintage fabrics. Used for dresses, suits and millinery. Cheviot – Wool. This was a period of cool colorations (blue, gray, black, reds) and shirting prints with small neat designs, plus numerous double pinks. This beautiful antique floral was printed on cotton in France during the early 20th Century. By the 1940s it was used for infants’ wear, negligees and linings. An early 20th century fabric covered four fold draught screen, each fold set with floral printed fabric panels, each fold 40 cm wide x 168 cm high. Chiffon Velvet – The lightest, softest velvet known, and, owing to its adaptability to draping, is perhaps the prettest. silk or rayon fabric in figure weave. Used for curtains. In the 1910’s also available in wool with designs woven in by means of an irregular weaving of the warp and weft. Used for collars, cuffs, blouses, vestees, dresses, playclothes, children’s clothes. Ticking – Firm, durable cotton cloth in twill weave with yarn-dyed blue and white stripes running lengthwise. Excellent for dresses and light-weight suits. Terry Cloth – Cotton pile fabric with raised uncut loops on both sides of fabric. Soft, absorbent. Wear taffeta, then, in the evening; and if you would be all that there is of the most chic, wear it in white…”, Advertisement in Weldon’s Ladies’ Journal, 1933. The following is a glossary of materials which were available in the early to mid-20th century. This early 1900s cradleboard is one… See also rhea, nettle cloth, and ramie. Wear taffeta, then, in the evening; and if you would be all that there is of the most chic, wear it in white…” – Weldon’s Ladies’ Journal, 1933. Plush – A rich fabric with a pile face and a coarse, woven back. Challis, challie, or chally – Light-weight wool, cotton or rayon material in plain weave with no luster. Used for towels, fancy work, dresses, suits, and children’s garments. Gloria – A diagonal twilled fabric of silk, wool and cotton; also called Zanella Cloth. Used for mattress and pillow covering, upholstery, playclothes. Sheer, soft, smooth cotton, linen, or wool fabric made in plain weave. Used for dresses. Lamé – Plainly woven or brocaded silk or rayon fabric. Outing Flannel – Lightweight cotton fabric with nap on both sides. Etamine – Soft, light-weight woolen in plain open weave. Homespun – A loose, rough material of plain weave and coarse yarn, Formerly made on hand looms at home; now imitated by machine. Used for linings and foundations. Butcher’s Linen – Made in cotton to represent linen, which is very inexpensive, and in linen, which is much more expensive than cotton. Comes in many varieties. Camel’s Hair – A fabric with a hairy surface made entirely of partly of camel’s hair. Used for party dresses, linings, and fancy work. By the 1940s it was used for infants’ wear, negligees and linings. Used as trimming and for elaborate evening gowns and wraps, housecoats, hostess dresses, upholstery. A rough, plain, washable fabric of natural color. Used for coats, capes, and ulsters. Used for towels, table linen, and napkins. “Cotton and linen have gone chic on us. Used for summer suits, dresses, and blouses. Tartan – Material with hard-twisted warp and weft threads, with stripes running at right angles to each other. White is used for bridal dresses. Mull – Material having a cotton warp and a cheap quality of silk for weft. Used for suits and coats. Used for Neckties, dresses and blouses. Granite – Hard twisted woolen yarns woven in armure effect; light in weight and very durable. Canton Flannel – Soft, warm and absorbent cotton fabric. “Once upon a time, life was comparatively simple. Chambray – Smooth, soft, durable, cotton cloth of plain weave, having colored warp threads, and weft and selvages of  white threads. Iridescent effect of some taffetas is cause by difference in color of filing and warp yarns. Used for shirred and draped dresses. That was before man started playing variations on Mother Nature and created fabrics out of coal, milk and wood. Seersucker – Lightweight, washable cotton fabric in plain weave with crinkly stripes running lengthwise at alternating intervals. Barathea – Wool. These could be combined into a wide variety of materials which were available to the seamstress or tailor. Fabrics - 1/2 yd minimum for each fabric (use decimals) #PT812N $11.50/yd. A fine, smooth, glossy, untwilled silk or rayon fabric; considerable body; alike on both sides. Used here is the shade of red as seen in mid to early 19th century Turkey Red dyed fabric. Somewhat like velvet. Fabrics of the same fiber may differ in construction. Sometimes in very simple patterns but more often in large, elaborate figures. Velvet, Panne – Silk. used for coats, dresses, suits. Used for coats, suits, dresses, draperies. Kaiki – A heavy, all-silk Japanese fabric. Used for dresses, children’s clothes, men’s suits, playclothes, underwear. Rayon (artificial silk, art silk, fiber silk, chemical silk, scientific silk, rayonner, wood silk, and rayon silk) – made from purified cellulose fibers, which are typically created from wood pulp. Used for skirts and suits. The soft, even warp and weft threads lend themselves to tailoring. Antique Ikat Pillow Cases Made from an Ikat Shirt Sleeves, Early 20th Century. Liberty Satin – A soft satin lining material. Jersey Cloth – Woolen or silk mixed stockinette weave. Also applied to the fur of the ‘chinchilla rabbit’, which was bred to imitate real chinchilla fur in softness. Used for coats, overcoats, and horse blankets. Yes, we know that you’ve heard this before. Sometimes called wool batiste; coarser weaves called nun’s cloth. Foulard – A soft, serviceable, satiny silk with a fine twill; plain and figured. Plissé Crêpe – Cotton fabric of plain weave treated with a caustic bath which causes cloth to crinkle. Used for foundations of dresses and blouses, and for inexpensive party dresses. Melton – Heavily felted wool fabric with a short nap. Used for skirts and suits. A synthetic fiber made from derivatives of coal, air, and water. Warp thread is usually composed of a two-ply yarn which has two colors, giving a soft tone to the fabric. Peau de Soie – Silk. save hide report. Gaberdine – Firm twilled cotton or wool fabric which has a raised diagonal rib effect on right side. Images by Stijn Bollaert. Oxford Shirting – Mercerized cotton fabric in a basket weave. These wonderful designs are really interesting together with their various shapes and similar colors. Used for dresses, coats, suits, children’s dresses, draperies, upholstery. Used for fancy dress wear, experimental draping, curtains, dust cloths. In the early third of the 20th Century the Amish were migrating westward, bringing their custom of regulated but beautiful quilts. Warp threads are of fine yarn giving a corded effect on crosswise grain. Requires much care in tailoring, especially in pressing. Used the same as cashmere. Used for sleeping garments, infants’ wear. authentic reproduction fabrics Maltings Fabrics started out as a collaboration between Hatley Print and Darcy Clothing. Used as trimming and for millinery purposes. Plain weave. Used as veiling for babies and as automobile veils. Early 20th Century, Edwardian, Roaring 20s Recapture the glamor of the early 20th century with these fabulous patterns, fabrics and accessories. Used for coats and jackets. Used for gloves, skirts, coats, hats, wraps, and for linings in heavy fur coats. A mercerized finish further increases luster. Grenadine – An open-work, gauze-like, silk; plain or figured. Used for suits, dresses, slacks, coats, bathrobes, housecoats, children’s wear, upholstery, draperies. Argentine Cloth – Highly glazed cotton fabric in a plain open weave with very low thread count. Used for glass curtains and dresses. Dry clean or wash? Also for interlinings and suit lapels. Very comfortable with great size and style. Though rayon is derived from natural materials, it requires certain chemicals, so it’s considered to be a semi-synthetic fabric. Velveteen – Cotton fabric with a soft, thick, short pile on face and a plain or twill back. Smart, because of ‘Viyella’s’ almost endless range of designs and colourings, and the ever growing choice of paper patterns created specially for it. Cashmere – A soft, twilled wool weave in beautiful shades and sometimes woven-in figures. This beautiful Collection Of 13 French and American early to mid 20th Century wallpapers and paintings are a wonderful grouping of geometric, florals, scrolls/prints, mini frames, and kilim designs. When slightly stiffened, is sometimes called Pineapple Cloth. It was called. This beautiful collection of French late 19th Century early 20th Century of 7 ticking stripes and 1 printed fabric. Mousseline de Soie – A transparent silk or rayon gauze-like material in even weave. share. The Japanese designer, Issey Miyake, shows an interesting combination of influences in the 1990 dress `Rhythm Pleats'. It is strong, elastic and non-absorbent. Crinkle is cause by slackening tension of warm yarns. Plain or figure weave. Used for curtains. Linen – Sheer, fine linen of plain weave. Used for place mats, runners, pillow covers and draperies. It is bleached and lightly sized. Plain weave. Whipcord – Wool in raised corded effect and semi-diagonal weave. Thick, corded silk. Made by passing cloth through heated rollers which engrave pattern on cloth. A beautiful effect with a rich, lustrous finish. Used as a substitute for silk in covering umbrellas. Also made of wool or cotton. Holland – Coarse, firm weave. Marquisette – Silk or cotton fabric with gauze weave, having open mesh appearance. Reproduction Fabrics: early 20th century, 1900-1930 1900 to 1930 This was a period of cool colorations (blue, gray, black, reds) and shirting prints with small neat designs, plus numerous double pinks. Has coarser back than Lyons Velvet; so woven as to hold the pile firmly, making it suitable in all cases where a durable velvet is desired. Located in Istanbul, TR. Plain weave. Used for men’s and women’s suits, and coats, skirts, riding habits, uniforms. Albatross – Soft, loosely woven material in black, white, and colors; also made in fancy weaves. In cheaper grades it is usually heavily sized. Velour – Soft, strong, closely woven cotton, woolen, silk, rayon fabric with a pile. Ratiné – Loosely woven, rather stretchy cotton, silk, rayon or wool fabric made in plain weave. “Fabric news for the evening can be compressed into a single word – taffeta. Jul 24, 2018 - Reproduction Fabrics - early 20th century, 1900-1930 > fabric line: Peppery That was before man started playing variations on Mother Nature and created fabrics out of coal, milk and wood. Used for shirred and draped dresses. Bunting – Soft, thin cotton or wool fabric in plain weave. Covert Cloth – Wool material of firm, diagonal twilled weave. Global shipping available. Maline – Fine net silk fabric characterized by hexagonal open mesh. Chiffon taffeta – A light-weight taffeta of good quality, with a soft lustrous finish. Sometimes it comes in variegated colors, which material is called tartan plaid. In the 1940s it was used for women’s suits, slacks. Used for men’s dusters and summer coats. Used for neckwear, handkerchiefs, and lingerie dresses. There were dramatic changes in women’s dress during the first decade of the 20th century. Usually heavier and coarser than chintz. Originally used for butchers’ aprons, fancy work, and for dresses and suits. Used for dresses, blouses, curtains, lingerie. In colored, loose weaves, sometimes called hop sacking, or sacking, it is used for men’s and women’s suits. Rayon sometimes made to look like this. Qty: #PTX14R $11.50/yd. This effect is caused because the filling yarns are heavier than the warp threads. Washing removes glaze or stiffening. Used for coats for men, women, and children; also for caps, muffs and scarfs. Plain wave. Shop early-20th-century-a fabric at the world's largest marketplace supporting indie designers. Wool – Soft, closely woven, lustrous, napped fabric with a satin appearance. It was made of 55 percent merino wool and 45 percent cotton in a twill weave. Cotton – White or yarn dyed fabric with plain weave and slight gloss on one side. Nun’s Veiling – Soft, light-weight fabric, in plain weave. Very satisfactory for shirred dresses, as it drapes well. Used for suits and skirts. Used for veils, neckwear, evening dresses. Qty: #PT813R $11.50/yd. In the 1910’s, wool-and-silk material with a heavy, filled crosswise cord of wool that is covered with threads of silk and wool. Crêpe de Chine – Beautiful, washable fabric with a lustrous, finely crinkled effect. One of the more durable sheer cloths. Does not muss easily and drapes well, making it a very desirable material for evening wraps, scarfs, and millinery. Prunella – Fine, closely woven twilled fabric. It was called artificial silk, and in 1924 the name was changed to Rayon. 100% Upvoted. “She is sure of herself -sure of her frock. Every fabric has its own personal quirks, and if you don’t want your clothes to shrink or fade or shrivel or die untimely deaths, you’d better learn every fabric in your wardrobe by its first name and exactly how to keep its feelings soothed.” – The New Encyclopedia of Modern Sewing, 1943. Lousine – A plain, durable silk; soft glossy texture; slightly twilled. Frequently mercerized cotton is substituted for silk mull. 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