[6][7][8], The station was designated a National Historic Landmark and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987 for its role in the Second World War, even though little remained of the period facilities. In March 1943, a cruiser and destroyer force, assigned to eliminate the Japanese supply convoy, met the Japanese fleet in the naval Battle of the Komandorski Islands. Adak was a staging point for the American military’s Aleutian campaign. 1976 Craig Roberts NAS Adak patch ; 1976 Slideshow by Mike Lindsey 1976-1977. The landing was made in a storm and within a week additional forces, including the 807th Engineer Aviation Battalion were landed on the island at Kuhluk Bay. From its bases on Amchitka and Adak, Eleventh Air Force conducted continual bombing raids on the Japanese on Kiska and Attu. Allowed American forces to mount a successful offensive against the Japanese-held Aleutian islands of Attu and Kiska during World War II. Adak’s air base was a key player in the campaign that occurred in the island chain. Assignments to the Aleutians, however, were looked on with dread. [9][10], Of some note was the detection of highly classified U.S. submarine operations off the Soviet submarine base at Petropavlovsk despite a belief among some submariners the system could not pick up U.S. submarines. In 1950, Adak was commissioned as a naval station. In 1962 NAVFAC Adak contact reports went to Commander, Alaskan Sea Frontier an that command published a secret report containing the Petropavlovsk contacts presuming they were Soviet. Adak’s air base was a key player in the campaign that occurred in the island chain. See more ideas about alaska, aleutian islands, moving to alaska. C $19.86. I live in Anchorage and have visited Adak three times, including twice this year. It held an important strategical location in WW2 for the Army in the retaking of Kiska and Attu Islands from the Japanese. [14] Acoustic data from the Adak array was routed to the Naval Facility Whidbey Island and the Adak facility was decommissioned 30 September 1992 after thirty years of surveillance.[9][10]. (Link to his own website). Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Base were the westernmost bases in the nation for a short while. [11], In 1968 a tap on the Adak array for the Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), a nuclear event monitoring system, combined with AFTAC hydrophones in the Pacific provided time delay analysis for localizing the GOLF II Class Soviet SSB K-129 loss. Additional gravel and then a sand runway was laid down. The Native regional Aleut Corporation owns much of the land on Adak Island and is promoting a military return to the Aleutian Islands, Alaska Public Media reported Thursday. During World War II, the Imperial Japanese Army took control of two of the westernmost Aleutian Islands—Attu and Kiska—in the incorporated territory of Alaska, the first foreign enemy to occupy American soil since the War of 1812. Mike Dunleavy has asked the U.S. Department of Energy to consider expanding the nation’s emergency stash of crude oil by adding a storage site at the former military base on Adak Island. Narrative History of NAVCOMMSTA Adak 1942-1959 (from "200 Years Adak AK 1976") In 1942, the U.S. Navy established a Naval Operating Base on the island of Adak, .At the same time, communication facilities were set up as an integral part of this base. The first was the "downtown" area, where the NAF was located. British Prime Minister Churchill stated that sending forces to attack the Japanese presence there was a diversion from the North African Campaignand Ad… Construction and operations began in September 1942. It is the westernmost municipality in the United States and the southernmost city in Alaska. A very quick survey of the coast located a tidal marsh which had a firm foundation of sand and gravel beneath it. Officially, the military mission ended on March 31, 1997, and the station closed.… The establishment of Adak Army Airfield (Code Name A-2, also "Longview") on 30 August 1942 gave the Air Force a forward base to attack the Japanese forces on Kiska Island. Our prime location and strategic assets, transferred as part of the Base Realignment and Closure process, make Adak a strong area for future growth and economic activity in relation to the Arctic. Fish and Wildlife Service since 1913. The southern portion of Adak Island, as well as most of the other islands in the Aleutian Island chain, is part of … Narrative History of NAVCOMMSTA Adak 1942-1959 (from "200 Years Adak AK 1976") In 1942, the U.S. Navy established a Naval Operating Base on the island of Adak, .At the same time, communication facilities were set up as an integral part of this base. Since the early 1940s, the northern half of Adak Island has been used for military operations. Your photos are marvelous. After World War II, Adak became a strategically important Cold War base housing over 6,000 people. The former Naval Air Facility (NAF) Adak is located approximately 1,200 miles southwest of Anchorage, Alaska. Since the early 1940s, the northern half of Adak Island has been used for military … The Japanese campaign coincided with the more wel… This former World War II military base was used to fight the Japanese in the Aleutian battles at Kiska, Attu, and Dutch Harbor, and was converted to a U.S. naval base after the war. The first inhabitants of Adak were the Aleuts as early as 9,000 years ago. Adak became the ACS Headquarters and the largest Army and Navy base in the Aleutians. [3], On 12 January 1943, American forces made an unopposed landing on Amchitka Island, 50 miles from Kiska and 260 miles from Attu. American missions over Adak June 28-December 3, 1942 The 625th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron (designated F-11) provided early-warning ground control intercept (GGI) Radar to direct the Black Widows to incoming aircraft. Movement. It is one of eight National Historic Landmarks in Alaska that was designated to commemorate the World War II in Alaska. "Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Base", "Integrated Undersea Surveillance System (IUSS) History 1950 - 2010", "Naval Facility Adak December 1962 - September 1992", "Acoustic Detections of the Loss of the GOLF II Class Soviet SSB K-129", "Why Those Concerned in Russia Still Believe the USS SWORDFISH Collided With and Sank the K-129", https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1970a_ak-01.pdf, https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1980a_akABCD-01.pdf, https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/phc-1-3.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Naval_Air_Facility_Adak&oldid=990813902, Airports in the Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, Buildings and structures in Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, World War II on the National Register of Historic Places in Alaska, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 17:21. The wreckage was found later in 1943. Jun 23, 2017 - Explore Doug Holm's board "Adak, Alaska" on Pinterest. It was a secretive separate command, though supported by the larger base. [2], On 1 December 1962 the Sound Surveillance System (SOSUS) shore terminal was commissioned. With the long-range Radar-Equipped Twin Mustangs operating from Davis, AAC moved the 625th AC&W Squadron to Elmendorf AFB on 1 July 1948 where it was attached to the 57th Fighter Wing. The array at Adak twice caused significant awareness SOSUS could. C $28.15. or Best Offer. In July 1995, Naval Security Group activity (NSGA) Adak was slated for closure under the Base Realignment and Closure Act and deactivated on January 31, 1996. Housekeeping by the 5020th ABS took place and remaining personnel coordinated the transfer of the facility to the Navy. During World War II, the following units were assigned to Adak AAF: By 13 September, enough construction had been completed at Adak to justify the movement of operations from Fort Glenn AAF on Umnak to the new airfield which was 400 miles closer to the Japanese forces on Kiska. Adak Naval Station first appeared on the 1970 U.S. Census as an unincorporated military installation. At the height of the war, 50,000 troops. It wasn’t easy for civilians to visit, and other facilities such as Shemya Air Force Base, west … Army installations at Adak allowed U.S. forces to mount a successful offensive against the Japanese-held islands of Kiska and Attu. Although the Americans were not aware of it at the time, this raid essentially ended the ability of the Japanese to send out offensive strikes from Kiska and so effectively crippled the facility that the Japanese began withdrawing their shipping from the harbor. The northern portion of Adak Island was occupied by the Department of the Navy, however, the military facility closed in 1995 under the Base Realignment and Closure Act. On May 11th, 1943, American soldiers landed on Attu Island and successfully defeated the Japanese Army garrison. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. Adak, also known as Adak Station, is also the southernmost city in Alaska. A … Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Station, U.S. invasion fleet gathers in Adak Harbor for assault on, Previously: Alaskan Air Force (1941-1942). Once hosting a U.S. military base supporting a population of thousands, Adak’s current population is fewer than 400 hardy inhabitants, many of whom work in the commercial fish processing industry. Additional airfields were established at Alexai Point on Attu and on Shemya with a mission to carry out very long range B-24 Liberator strikes on the Kurile Islands, but otherwise, the Aleutians became the forgotten front. The 449th FS was moved to Ladd AFB and the base was put into a caretaker status. Roads, ports, and airfields were improved or constructed to facilitate the transportation of troops and supplies. Remote by any definition, Adak is the southernmost community in Alaska, 1,200 miles southwest of Anchorage. That location provided the information leading to Project Azorian and the attempt to raise the lost submarine. Adak, also known as Adak Station, is also the southernmost city in Alaska. Photos from our trip to Adak, Alaska in January, 2012. The Native regional Aleut Corporation owns much of the land on Adak Island and is promoting a military return to the Aleutian Islands, Alaska Public Media reported Thursday. Attu, Kiska, and much of Adak are part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, managed by the U.S. See more ideas about alaska, aleutian islands, moving to alaska. Located at the westernmost end in the Aleutian chain, Adak is wilderness with the exception of a now-abandoned naval base that once housed more than 6,000 people. Adak Army Airfield was renamed "Davis Army Airfield" in honor of Colonel Davis. Nine military bases are in Alaska. They also ordered the reduction of the number of combat forces under Eleventh Air Force. In 1973 such contacts were again almost published and stopped only when contact information was matched, on advice by a visiting civilian expert who recognized the signatures, by NAVFAC people to one of the submarine's logs when that submarine put into Adak for a medical emergency. Work began on 2 September with the construction of an enclosing dike around the marsh and a system of drainage canals drain off the water, followed by scraping off the topsoil to reach the gravel underneath. Credit: US Fish and Wildlife Service. [3], The establishment of Adak Army Airfield (Code Name A-2, also "Longview") on 30 August 1942 gave the United States Army Air Forces a forward base to attack the Japanese forces on Kiska Island. The Former Naval Air Facility was listed under the Base Realignment and Closure Program in July 1995. The P-40s then strafed the harbor, attacking the Nakajima A6M2-N "Rufe" float plane fighter/bombers. His C-53 had crashed into a mountainside near Naknek on 28 November 1942. Situated in the western Aleutians, Adak Island is currently the western-most location in Alaska readily accessible to birders. By 16 February, the construction of the runway at Amchitka AAF had progressed to the point where light fighters could be brought in. An impact that many people are unaware of is the forced evacuation of the Native population of the Aleutian Islands by Japanese and American forces. Other articles where Adak is discussed: Aleutian Islands: History: Adak (formerly Adak Station) was the site of a naval station (1942–97), its military installations used as a base for mounting the Attu campaign in May 1943. Adak Island sits midway between the United States and Russia, where the Bering Sea meets the Pacific Ocean. Chloe, John Hale, (1984), Top Cover for America. The Japanese forces on Attu, (430 miles from Adak) however, remained only within the range of the B-24 Liberators, although the P-38s could fly escort missions. Understand []. On May 11th, 1943, American soldiers landed on Attu Island and successfully defeated the Japanese Army garrison. The Army began establishing a forward combat airfield (A-3) on the island. 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