They are widely cultivated in almost every part of the world. The infestation of the pest may be identified by the presence of irregular tunnels and patches covered with silken web consisting of excreta and chewed up wood particles on the shoots, branches, stem and main trunk. Leaf Roller (Platypeplus Aprobola Meyer): The new flushes are attacked by this pest through out the litchi growing area. Infested fruits will have uneven shapes, poor quality, and are susceptible to secondary infections by pathogens. Pupal period lasts for 7-34 days. Reductions in the total phenolic content in fruits of susceptible cultivars also causes damage ( Manoukas, 1993 ; Mohamed Jalaluddin and Sadakathulla, 1999 ). In Brazil, strawberry guava typically ranges from 3 to 16 feet (1 to 5 m) in height, and its fruit is variable, yellow varieties being more common than red. Hind wings are yellow orange, with black patches and spots. In vitro OM digestibility of guava fruits was found to be low, from 24% for the immature fruit to 53% for the ripe fruit (Adrian et al., 2012). Damage occurs when the female lays eggs in the fruit. (e) Stem Borer Common name: Mango stem borer Scientific name: Batocera rufomaculara De Geer Family: Cerambycidae Order: Coleoptera The grub tunnels into the stems. This pest is mainly found in South Asia, East Africa and Central America. However, Anastrepha striatais an important pest in the American tropic… The adult moths are large and stout-bodied, with a wingspan of 100 mm. Scientific Name of The Pest: Tuta absoluta Common Name of the Pest: Tomato leaf miner Damage To Crop: Larvae of Tuta absoluta mine the leaves, flowers, shoots, and fruit of tomato as well as the leaves and tubers of potato. In India, B. correcta is one of the important fruit borers of guava and can cause 80% damage. In addition to growing guavas on the large open field, it is also possible to grow these fruits in containers, pots, greenhouse, poly houses, and also in backyards. In India, there are at least 80 insect species that attack the guava … The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which “bleed” toward each other, sometimes connecting to each other in the middle. other crops like citrus, fig, grapevine, mango, guava and tamarind with peak period of infestation being August to November (Srivastava and Butani, 1998). Fruit borer: Congethes (=Dichocrocis) punctiferalis. California Department of Food and Agriculture The GFF is an exotic insect originating in southern Asia from Pakistan eastward through India and into Thailand. In most of the commercial guava varieties, the fruit stage ripeness is indicated by the color development which is usually yellow. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. Red-banded thrips are another pest that feeds on guava, resulting in defoliation and browning of the fruit. Natural enemies of mealy bug: Predators: Scymnus, Chilomenes sexmaculatus, Chrysoperla carnea, Predatory mantids, parasitic wasps, ladybird beetle, predatory mite. These eggs hatch into larvae, or maggots, which tunnel through the flesh of the fruit, making it unfit for consumption. Psidium guajava (common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America. Bionomics. The adult guava fruit fly (GFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters (mm) in length. The first California detection occurred in Orange County in 1986, and since that time, several re-introductions have been delimited and successfully eradicated. Campoletis chlorideae, Bracon spp. Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly. The fruit-tree pinhole borer, Xyleborinus saxesenii Ratzeburg (Figures 1 and 2), is an ambrosia beetle and a member of the weevil tribe Xyleborini. Pupation takes place However, it has not acquired a well-established common name as have others such as the Mexican, Caribbean, and Mediterranean fruit flies. Guava (Psidium guajava) is a tropical fruit with a wide range of health benefits. Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. A major pest of several vegetables, ornamental plants, tropical orchard trees and was observed feeding on 76 species of plants belonging to 33 families. The fruit is replete with antioxidants and other nutrients like vitamin C and lycopene. Body and legs are honey colored with a prominent black "T" marking on the abdomen. ADVERTISEMENTS: Plants belonging to genus Hibiscus act […] The larvae of the guava shoot borers get into twigs, killing new shoots. The maximum temperature had significant positive correlation with the build-up of population of mealy bugs while high humidity had significant negative correlation. This genus of plants is quite diverse with numerous economic and ecological benefits. Biology: Eggs: Eggs are laid singly on tender leaves, stalks and flower buds. The other meteorological parameters, i.e. Immature stages of GFF have not been described in the literature, but are likely typical for members of this genus; i.e., the egg is very small, white, cylindrical, rounded at the ends and about six times as long as wide; the maggot (larva) is creamy-white, legless, and may attain a length of 6 to 10 mm; and the pupa is encased in a dark brown cylindrical puparium. Common Name(s) Citrus fruit borer, orange fruit borer , macadamia nut borer . In El Salvador, the wood of a guava shrub is used to make hair combs. May Aid Weight Loss. GFF feeds on many kinds of fruit and vegetables. ADVERTISEMENTS: Insects and Diseases that Occurs in Litchi Plant and its Control! 5. Although related species may also be called guavas, they belong to other species or genera, such as the pineapple guava, Acca sellowiana. Females lay eggs under the skin of host fruits. Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck; Preferred Common Name. Tea mosquito bug: Helopeltis antonii. Scientific name: Chlumetia transversa (Walker) Common names: Tipborer, shoot borer Alternate hosts: Cashew, Guava Destructive stage: Larva Parts affected: Young shoots and flowers Description: While mango tipborer is a common problem on young shoots, the … Synonyms: Ecdytolopha aurantianum (Lima, 1927) Ecdytolopha torticornis Powell et al., 1995 . Maggots tunnel through the fruit feeding on the pulp, shed their skins twice, and emerge through exit holes in eight to 17 days, depending on temperature. Favorable conditions: The temperature of 28-360 C and 62-92% relative humidity and scanty rainfall during August to January are quite favorable for this pest. The origin of the guava is unknown, but unofficially the claim is made by Central America or Southern Mexico. Natural enemies of fruit borers: Parasitoids: Trichogramma chilonis, Tetrastichus spp., Telenomus spp., Chelonus blackburni, Carcelia spp. For local guava marketing, fully yellow but firm fruits are harvested, whereas half yellow fruits are picked for selling in distant markets. Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). The adult-form of the vine borer is a narrow-winged olive-brown moth with a 1- … Fully grown maggot falls to ground and pupates in soil with pupal period of 5-30 days Usually 2-3 generations completed in a year. minimum temperature, relative morning humidity and rain, had no significant influence on the incidence of the pests. Side Effects & Safety When taken by mouth: Guava fruit is LIKELY SAFE when eaten as a food. Scientific name: Eudocima sp. Description of adult: There are three widely occurring species of fruit piercing moth: Eudocima salaminia, E. fullonia, E. jordani and E. materna. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. Guava fruit and guava leaf extract are POSSIBLY SAFE when used as a medicine, short-term. Breeding is continuous, with several annual generations. Scien... tific name : Bactrocera dorsalis. Scientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis Nature of damage: About 50-70 percent fruits become damaged for fruit fly which could not be managed fully by the insecticides. A. Insect-Pests: 1. For more detailed information, click the links below. It can be seen attacking mango tree in all mango growing regions. Health Benefits of Guava Female lays 22 eggs in cavities made on the fruit by ovipositor, egg period 2-3 days, maggot period, 7-10 days. Guava whiteflies feed on guava leaves and, along with the green shield scale and weevils (in particular Anthonomus irroratus), require chemical pest control for guava grown commercially in Florida. InDG is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) Government of India initiative and is executed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. Family: Myrtaceae. Nymphs and adults suck the sap from leaves, shoots and fruits. Caterpillar bores into young fruits but they may also bore buds and tender shoots. Larvae faeces may be seen exuding out of the borer hole. The guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striataSchiner, is one of the most common species of fruit flies throughout most of its range. Spring-time attacks are the most deleterious. The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which “bleed” toward each other, sometimes connecting to each other in the middle. The young shoots dry and die away giving sickly look to the plant, Nymphs and adults make punctures on petiole, tender shoots and fruits, Brownish – black necrotic patches develop on the foliage, Elongate streaks and patches develop on shoots. ... Indiscriminate use of pesticides to control fruit borer. The amount of time it takes for egg development depends on the ambient temperature, but is normally about two days. To know the IPM practices for Guava, click here. Decay-producing organisms then enter, leaving the interior of the fruit a rotten mass. There are around 150 varieties of guava not just the green oval shaped fruit we all picture. Host range: Grapevine, Hibiscus, mulberry, guava, custard apple, okra, tamarind and glyricidia. Feeds on internal contents (pulp and seeds) making the fruit hollow from inside. Guava may help manage diabetes, protect the heart, and boost digestive health. The genus that guava belongs to is called Psidium. The scientific name and botanical name of guava is Psidium guajava and it belongs to the family “Myrtaceae” and to the genus “Psidium”. Severe damage can result in the death of attacked stem. Ambrosia beetles are characterized by having a symbiotic relationship with fungi. GFF is widespread through much of the mainland of southern Asia, from Pakistan eastward to Thailand and southern China. Larvae - Dark brown, short and stout, covered with short hairs, larval period lasts for 18-47 days. Guavas are a weight-loss-friendly food. 7. The pupal period varies from seven to 18 days. This portal has been developed as part of the national level initiative - India Development Gateway (InDG), dedicated for providing information / knowledge and ICT based knowledge products and services in the domain of social development. and Green lacewing. A number of commercially valuable fruits and vegetables are attacked by GFF (see Host List). Pupa: Development occurs either inside the damaged fruits or on the stalk holding it. Shelter holes may also be seen particularly at the joints of shoots and branches. Feeds on internal contents (pulp and seeds), Infected fruits dry up and fall off without ripening. © 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. The genus was first brought into the scientific world by a scientist called Linnaeus in 1753. Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status: All over India and other grapevine growing countries. Natural enemies of mealy bug: Predators: Chrysoperla carnea, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, and Spalgis epius Parasitoids: Aenasius advena. The harmful stage is caterpillar. Such fruits weaken, rot and drop down. The caterpillar of this pest is known as grub. The adult guava fruit fly (GFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters (mm) in length. The squash vine borer is a wrinkled, cream-colored caterpillar with a brown head, about 1 to 2 inches long. The green coloured caterpillar rolls the leaf and feeds on lamina within the roll. Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 . Common name Scientific name Cases. Introduction Common name: Guava Scientific name: Psidium guajava L. Family: Myrtaceae 3/14/2018 6 Guava is a common tropical fruits cultivated and enjoyed in many tropical and subtropical regions. In 1825, strawberry guava was brought to Hawaii for its fruit and ornamental attributes. Scientific Name: Psidium guajava. Natural enemies of tea mosquito bug: Predators: Reduviid bug, Oxyopes sp. Pomegranate, Punica granatum, is a deciduous or evergreen tree or shrub in the family Punicaceae grown for its edible fruits. The pomegranate tree is branched and spiny with glossy, leathery, oval to oblong leaves that grow in whorls of five or more on the branches. After hatching, larvae penetrate apical buds, flowers, new fruit, leaves, or stems. Damage is severe because the green citrus aphid colonizes young shoots, buds, grafts and young plants, the development of which is inhibited. The codling moth (Cydia pomonella) is a member of the Lepidopteran family Tortricidae.They are major pests to agricultural crops, mainly fruits such as apples and pears.Because the larvae are not able to feed on leaves, they are highly dependent on fruits as a … Pest no :2 Common name : Oriental fruit fly, mango fruit fly. Guava fruits. The larvae drop from the fruit and burrow into the soil to pupate. Most ambrosia beetles carry several types of ambrosia fungi, with a more abundant primary fungus and other, auxiliary fungi present in the mycangia (specialized storage pocket… Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. Maggots feed on fruit pulp that results in fruit rotting and fruit drop. The forewings can be mainly brown, cream or green. INTRODUCTION: Mango Stem Borer The Mango Stem Borer scientifically known as Batocera rufomaculata is a very serious pest of mango. in length, with a darker, mostly black thorax. Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage. Guava fruits are probably highly palatable and it has been reported that livestock eat most of the fruits produced by trees growing in pastures in the tropics. The guava fruit worm, Argyresthia eugeniella, invisibly infiltrates hard green fruits, and the citron plant bug, Theognis gonagia, the yellow beetle, Costalimaita ferruginea, and the fruit-sucking bug, Helopeltis antonii, feed on ripe fruits. It is also called the apple of tropics ranking fourth most important commercial fruit crops of India. The wings are clear with a very light dark streak along the front edge to about 3/4 length, followed by a separate light dark spot at the tip. Important California crops at risk include guava, peach, cherry, citrus, and melons. Crops damaged : Mango, banana, sapota, fig, guava, papaya, passion fruit, peach, pear, pineapple, roseapple, citrus, coffee, etc. With only 37 calories in one fruit and … NAME: Guava Fruit Fly SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) PEST RATING: "A" Similar to Oriental Fruit Fly, but smaller, measuring about 6mm. It is now widely grown all over the world. The tiny small bugs usually suck sap from twigs, leaves and flowers. In Florida, there are at least 30 species of ambrosia beetles, many of them non-native (Thomas 2007). India has over 27,000 tons of the pink guava every year. Key words Guava, fruit borers, Virachola isocrates, Dichocrosis punctiferalis, incidence, management. Guava fruits develop the best flavor and aroma when they ripen only on trees. Wings are clear with a spot on the wing tips. Predators: Chrysoperla, Rove beetles, Spiders, Coccinellids, Robber fly, Dragonfly, Reduviid bug, Praying mantis, Fire ants, Big eyed bugs, Pentatomid bug, Earwigs, Ground beetles, common mynah and King crow. Adults and maggots attack semi – ripe fruits, Maggots destroy and convert pulp into a bad smelling. The affected fruits are generally deformed at the point of entry of larvae. Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults suck sap that results in crinkling and yellowing of leaves and rotting of berries. Blackish larva can be observed underneath the fresh webbing. Psidium guajava is a small tree in the Myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. It is a powerhouse of fiber. The newly emerged adult females need 16 to 38 days to mature sexually prior to egg-laying. Caterpillar/larva bores into young fruits. This probably is because it is not considered to be of primary economic importance, although it often is abundant and may be highly destructive to dooryard plantings of some tropical fruits. Fruit that has been attacked may be unfit for consumption due to the larvae tunneling through the flesh as they feed. Introduction Guava (Psidium guajava L.) is one of the most important fruit crops of tropics. Scientific Name . Preferred Scientific Name. Holes on the trunk, Wood dust and faecal matter hanging in the form of a web around the affected portion. 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